Hydraulic applications are challenging for Seals. Not only must the hydraulic seals prevent leakage of fluid from the Cylinder, but hydraulic seals must also withstand high pressures, extreme temperatures and transverse forces within the cylinder. In such applications, the function of Hydraulic Seals goes far beyond preventing fluid leakage.
Hydraulic Cylinder Seals: Performance and Durability
Hydraulic systems are sealed using a combination of specialized seals. Hydraulic Rod seals prevent leakage of fluid from within the cylinder to the outside while hydraulic piston seals prevent fluid from flowing across the cylinder head. This allows pressure build up on one side of the piston, making the Cylinder extend or retract. Wear rings guide the piston and piston rod within the hydraulic cylinder, absorbing transverse forces, preventing metal-to-metal contact. Scrapers or Wipers scrape dirt, foreign particles, chips or moisture from the piston rods as they retract into the cylinder, preventing contamination.
Oil Seal Design
Although there are many styles of Oil Seals, they all generally consist of a flexible rubber lip bonded to a rigid metal case. Most also contain a third element – a garter spring – fitted into the rubber lip to provide additional sealing force, both initially and over the life of the seal. The total radial force of the sealing lip is a function of the rubber pre-tension, coupled with the tensile spring force. The sealing lip may be lathe cut or ready molded, and may feature molded-in hydrodynamic aids to assist sealing in demanding applications. The metal case may be exposed or have rubber molded around it for ease of assembly or improved static sealing.
Trelleborg Sealing Solutions offers state-of-the-art Oil Seal design standards based on many years of experience in a wide range of application fields.
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